HOW TO HELP WITH LETTER CONFUSION

Grab these helpful printable cards to add your literacy centers to help fix letter reversals in kindergarten.

Letter confusion or reversals particularly of tricky letters like b and d and p and q are common in early childhood classroom as children are first learning to read and write.

There are plenty of 'tricks' to help children learn how to differentiate between these letters. 


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How To Fix b + d  and p + q Letter Reversals - use these printable cards to practice differentiating between the letter b and d | you clever monkey

SHOULD I WORRY IF MY CHILD REVERSES THEIR LETTERS AND NUMBERS?

As teachers we know that many children this age reverse their letters, numbers and even short words sometimes. It's not necessarily a sign that a child is dyslexic or has other learning difficulties. It is normal with most reversals occurring around the ages of five to seven years. 

By eight, most children have mastered the directionality of text and are both reading and writing the symbols they previously found confusing - numbers 2, 5, 6 and 9 and letters b and d, p and q, correctly.

If children are still confusing their letters beyond this, further assistance may be needed to help support them. This article does a good job at explaining reversal in relation to physical age and developmental age.

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TEACHING TIPS FOR FIX LETTER CONFUSION

Some confusion comes when children are not yet sure of the directionality of print so teaching them to glide their finger under words while reading aloud or to themselves can help 'train' their brain to always then read from left to right.

Using simple visual prompts in your classroom is always helpful as children can then refer to them as they need.

How To Fix Letter Reversals in Kindergarten | you clever monkey

Another step is teaching the correct letter formation. 

The letter b starts as a straight line which is also how you hold your mouth when starting to say the sound. Using a mirror while saying the sounds aloud can help young children see the difference between the two sounds.

The letter d in contrast starts at 2 o'clock and then curves anti-clockwise into a circle before making a tall straight line up then down to the line to finish.

The two letters should be taught at different times to help young children differentiate between them.

This Reading Mama shared this trick to make sure to write the correct letter too. It provides children with a great visual too.

To help some of the students in my class I've created these printable cards to allow them to practice differentiating between their b and d letters. 

How To Fix Letter Reversals in Kindergarten | you clever monkey

Each card shows the correct starting place to write each letter and we're using a couple of small mirrors to check the position of our mouth if we're not sure. Some children have just been using counters to mark the correct letter while others have been tracing over the letter.

How To Fix b + d Letter Reversals - use these printable cards to practice differentiating between the letter b and d | you clever monkey

But as classroom teachers, we know it's rarely the case that everyone is at the same stage in their learning so along with the letter reversal cards I've also created a couple of different worksheets that allow them to still practice recognising the correct letter but also allows for some handwriting practice.

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How To Fix b + d Letter Reversals - use these printable cards to practice differentiating between the letter b and d | you clever monkey